10 Diabetes Symptoms You Need To Know | NEED A PHYSIO

diabetes

 Diabetes is a long-term condition that causes high blood sugar levels.

Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease caused by a deficiency in the production of insulin or in its use to transport glucose from the blood into other tissues. The result is excess glucose in the blood--hyperglycemia, which is toxic.

1.Polydipsia:

Abnormally great thirst as a symptom of the disease.

The excessive thirst means your body is trying to replenish those lost fluids. If the reason behind frequent thirst is high blood sugar levels, drinking will not satisfy the thirst.

If you are feeling abnormally thirsty and drinking water doesn’t satisfy your thirst, consult your doctor.

2.Polyuria (Excessive urination)

Polyuria is a condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large production or passage of urine (greater than 2.5 or 3 Litres over 24 hours in adults).

Frequent Urination—particularly if you often have to get up at night to use the bathroom—it could be a symptom of diabetes. Polyuria often appears in conjunction with polydipsia (increased thirst), though it is possible to have one without the other, and the latter may be a cause or an effect.

3.Polyphasia (Excessive hunger)

Excessive pangs of hunger, another sign of diabetes, can come from sharp peaks and lows in blood sugar levels. When you have high blood sugar, your body will have challenges regulating glucose. If you’ve eaten something high in carbohydrates, your body will make too much insulin while your glucose tends to drop quickly. This will impact you by making you feel shaky and hungry, especially for carbs or sugar that will drive up your glucose levels again.

4.Rapid weight loss

While being overweight is a risk factor for diabetes, it isn’t uncommon to see rapid weight loss in those with diabetes. Extremely high blood sugar levels can cause rapid weight loss, like 10 to 20 pounds over a time period of two or three months. The reason behind this significant loss is the insulin hormone isn’t doing its job of getting glucose into the cells where it can be used as energy. In response, the body thinks it’s starving and starts breaking down protein from the muscles for fuel.

Overly high blood sugar levels can also cause rapid weight loss, say 10 to 20 pounds over two or three months—but this is not a healthy weight loss.

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5.Foot pain and numbness

Abnormally high blood sugar levels will cause damage to the body’s nerves, a condition called diabetic neuropathy. While not all people experience this symptom, more advanced cases of diabetes may notice numbness or pain in the extremities, typically starting with the feet. This symptom is most common in people who have had type 2 diabetes for 25 years or more, but it can occur in people who are in the early stages as well.

6.Blurred Vision

One of the early warning signs of diabetes is blurred vision. In high-sugar environments like untreated type 2 diabetes, the ability of the eye’s lens to bend is altered. The lens is not damaged, but the eye muscles have to work harder to focus, especially when there are rapid changes in blood sugar and the eye muscles have not yet adapted to it. There’s a window of time when this symptom will show itself, as your body will adapt to the increased sugar levels and your vision will return to normal over time.

7.Slow Healing

We all get dinged up during the course of our lives. Cuts and bruises are more or less a guarantee. But what if they aren’t healing like they’re supposed to? What if you notice your minor injuries lingering around for a lot longer than they should? It could be a sign something’s wrong. This is one of the more common diabetes symptoms as well. If you suspect something is wrong, get checked out.

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8.Yeast infections

Yeast infections and diabetes? Not exactly two peas in a pod. But they are related. Most yeast infections are caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans, and issues with yeast infections may be a sign there’s diabetes-related trouble around the bend. The link stems from our blood sugar levels. A couple of studies have tied high blood sugar to increased rates of vaginal yeast infections. Basically, because yeast feeds off sugar, the risk of infection increases.

9.Tingling sensations

Strange tingling sensations are closely related to pain and numbness. This has to do with how diabetes affects our nervous systems. If you experience a pins-and-needles sensation — the same you might feel when your foot or hand fall asleep, you may be experiencing a symptom of diabetes. The actual term for this experience is Paresthesia, and it’s common in some diabetes patients.

10.Skin Problems

Often, diabetes symptoms will manifest in the most obvious ways. Sometimes, right on our most visible asset: Our skin. There are any number of things you may notice. Discolored patches, rashes, infections, and blisters are some of the most blatant. And, of course, if you’re experiencing slowly healing wounds, a previously discussed? That should tip you off that you need to seek medical attention.

Suitable Exercises:

  • Walking
  • Jogging
  • Running
  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Water aerobics
  • Walking machine (treadmill)
  • Gym based exercise

Note: The information you see describes what usually happens with a medical condition, but doesn't apply to everyone. This information isn't medical advice, so make sure that you contact a health care provider if you have a medical problem.

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