Diabetes | Role of a Physiotherapist | Dr.Shyam Prasad (PT) | USA



Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels. The condition results from the body’s inadequate production of insulin or the body’s altered response to insulin, or both. Diabetes causes abnormally high glucose levels (hyperglycemia), circulatory problems, and nerve damage. Diabetes cannot be cured, but it can often be managed with proper medical care, diet, and regular exercise. There are two types of Diabetes and approximately 90% of all cases are Type 2.


Increased urination, hunger, weight gain, fatigue, thirst, cuts and bruises that don’t heal or have delayed healing and numbness and tingling in the hands/ feet are some of the most common symptoms.

Type 1:

An autoimmune disease in which the body destroys insulin-producing cells. The body does not produce insulin and cells cannot absorb sugar needed for energy.

Type 2:

The body does not use insulin in the right way and can become insulin resistant. This can develop at any age and is most commonly diagnosed in adulthood.

Role of a Physiotherapist:

Physiotherapists will use specific exercise programs, manual therapy, and electrical devices to help treat musculoskeletal conditions which can develop with diabetes. After assessing your specific condition, a personalized treatment plan will be outlined to address all your needs.

Diabetic Foot care is extremely important as leg and foot problems are the most common reason for diabetes-related hospitalization.


Exercise and diet are two of the most important lifestyle factors for Diabetic patients.

Exercises can:

  • Help with weight loss
  • Lower bad cholesterol and raise good cholesterol
  • Help maintain muscle mass and reduce fat
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Lower stress levels
  • Reduce the need for insulin or drugs
  • Reduce risk of cardiovascular disease

Regular exercise of at least 30-60 minutes, 4 times a week is recommended for diabetic patients. Our Physiotherapists can outline a regular exercise program for you which will provide you with the structure you may need to start off your training.


Type 2 Diabetes