Obesity | By Vinita Tenneti (PT) | NEED A PHYSIO

Obesity

What is Obesity?

A disorder involving excessive body fat that increases the risk of health problems.

Obesity is also no longer a condition that just affects older people, although the likelihood does increase with age, and increasing numbers of young people have been diagnosed with obesity.

What are the causes?

At an individual level, a combination of excessive food energy intake and a lack of physical activity is thought to explain most cases of obesity.

A limited number of cases are due primarily to genetics, medical reasons, or psychiatric illness. 

Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing's syndrome are also contributors to obesity.

Symptoms: Increased fat

Complications: Cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types  of cancer, osteoarthritis, depression.

Having excess abdominal fat (i.e. a large waistline) is known as central or abdominal obesity, a particularly high-risk form of obesity.

Preventing Obesity:

Lose weight and keep it off

You may be able to prevent or delay diabetes by losing 5 to 7 percent of your starting weight.1 For instance, if you weigh 200 pounds, your goal would be to lose about 10 to 14 pounds.

Move more. 

Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week. If you have not been active, talk to your healthcare professional about which activities are best. Start slowly to build up to your goal.

Eat healthy foods most of the time. 

Eat smaller portions to reduce the number of calories you eat each day and help you lose weight. Choosing foods with less fat is another way to reduce calories. Drink water instead of sweetened beverages.

Role of  Physiotherapy:

Physiotherapy helps in the prevention and management of Obesity.  Exercise and movement is the keystone of the scope of physiotherapy practice.

About The Author:

Vinita Tenneti is a young Physio doing her Internship in Nizam's Institute Of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad. She’s also a proud member of  NEED A PHYSIO. She has a great interest in writing health-related articles and sharing her knowledge. If you love her work, please share this article and support her.

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